Early work in woodlands involved monitoring woodland ride creation/enhancement in a pair of lowland ash woodlands in Kent and Gloucestershire managed by the RSPB. Novel means of marking permanent plots prior to felling involved the use of plastic drinking straws which were not damaged by the felling operations, they were subsequently used by rodents to make nests!

Most woodland work has focused on impacts of afforestation on upland or sand dune vegetation community, and also the role that birch can play in enhancing the botanical diversity of Scottish forests.

Recognised patterns of change in upland communities following afforestation, and the indirect effects of changing management on the unplanted habitats were reported in a series of papers.

Wallace, H.L., Good, J.E.G. and Williams, T.G. (1992). The affects of afforestation on upland plant communities: an application of the British National Vegetation Classification. J. Appl. Ecol. 29, 180-194.

Good, J.E.G., Wallace, H.L. and Williams, T.G. (1993). Management units and their use for the identification, mapping and management of major vegetation types in upland conifer forests. Forestry, 66, 261-290.

Wallace, H.L. and Good, J.E.G. (1995). Effects of afforestation on upland plant communities and implications for vegetation management. Forest Ecology and Management. 79, 29-46.

 

The role of birch is spruce plantations was part of a wider project looking at the overall impact of birch within Scottish forests and the results are presented in a Forestry Commission technical paper.

 

Wallace, H.L. (1998). Distribution of birch in Scottish spruce plantations.. In: J. Humphries, K. Holl and Alice Broome, eds. Birch in Spruce Plantations – Management for Biodiversity. Technical Paper 26. Forestry Commission, Edinburgh, pp 3 -12.

Wallace, H.L. (1998). Ground flora associated with birch in Scottish spruce plantations. In: J. Humphries, K. Holl and Alice Broome, eds. Birch in Spruce Plantations – Management for Biodiversity. Technical Paper 26. Forestry Commission, Edinburgh, pp 13 –24.

Wallace, H.L. (2003) Vegetation of plantation sitka spruce –development of new ‘forest noda’. In National Vegetation Classification – ten years experience using the woodland section, Ed. E.Goldberg. JNCC, Peterborough.